Special Issue: Fiber Optic Nanotechnology (2013)

Editorial

Editorial

Near the beginning of 2013, we were asked by Federico Capasso and Dennis Couwenberg to strategize as to what would make for an interesting and compelling Special Issue on Fiber Optic Technology, especially within the framework of the Journal on …

Fiber optic nanotechnology: a new frontier of fiber optics

Fiber optic nanotechnology: a new frontier of fiber optics

Nanophotonics is an exciting new field of nano-science that deals with the interaction of light with matter on a micro/nanometer size scale. It is a field in which photonics merges with nanoscience and nanotechnology, providing challenges for …

Optical microfibers and nanofibers

Optical microfibers and nanofibers

As a combination of fiber optics and nanotechnology, optical microfibers and nanofibers (MNFs) have been emerging as a novel platform for exploring fiber-optic technology on the micro/nanoscale. Typically, MNFs taper drawn from glass optical fibers …

Nano-engineered optical fibers and applications1

Nano-engineered optical fibers and applications1

The paper reviews optical fibers with nano-engineered features and methods to fabricate them. These optical fibers have nano-engineered regions comprising of randomly distributed voids which provide unique properties for designing next generation of …

Photonic lanterns

Photonic lanterns

Multimode optical fibers have been primarily (and almost solely) used as “light pipes” in short distance telecommunications and in remote and astronomical spectroscopy. The modal properties of the multimode waveguides are rarely exploited and …

Multicore fibers for large capacity transmission

Multicore fibers for large capacity transmission

We experience Internet traffic growth of 100 times every 10 years. However, the capacity of existing standard single-mode fiber is approaching its fundamental limit regardless of significant realization of transmission technologies which allow for …

Holey fibers for low bend loss

Holey fibers for low bend loss

Bending-loss insensitive fiber (BIF) has proved an essential medium for constructing the current fiber to the home (FTTH) network. By contrast, the progress that has been made on holey fiber (HF) technologies provides us with novel possibilities …

Photonic crystal fiber amplifiers for high power ultrafast fiber lasers

Photonic crystal fiber amplifiers for high power ultrafast fiber lasers

In recent years, ultrafast laser systems using large-mode-area fiber amplifiers delivering several hundreds of watts of average power has attracted significant academic and industrial interest. These amplifiers can generate hundreds of kilowatts to …

Nanophotonics of optical fibers

Nanophotonics of optical fibers

This review is concerned with nanoscale effects in highly transparent dielectric photonic structures fabricated from optical fibers. In contrast to those in plasmonics, these structures do not contain metal particles, wires, or films with nanoscale …

All-fiber lasers through photonic crystal fibers

All-fiber lasers through photonic crystal fibers

A review on all-fiber lasers based on photonic crystal fibers is presented. Photonic crystal fibers present improved features beyond what conventional optical fibers can offer. Due to their geometric versatility, photonic crystal fibers can present …

Hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers: technology and applications

Hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers: technology and applications

Since the early conceptual and practical demonstrations in the late 1990s, Hollow-Core Photonic Band Gap Fibres (HC-PBGFs) have attracted huge interest by virtue of their promise to deliver a unique range of optical properties that are simply not …

Optical vortices in fiber

Optical vortices in fiber

Optical vortex beams, possessing spatial polarization or phase singularities, have intriguing properties such as the ability to yield super-resolved spots under focussing, and the ability to carry orbital angular momentum that can impart torque to …