Issue 1 (2018)

Controllable all-fiber generation/conversion of circularly polarized orbital angular momentum beams using long period fiber gratings

Controllable all-fiber generation/conversion of circularly polarized orbital angular momentum beams using long period fiber gratings

Mode-division multiplexing (MDM) is a promising technology for increasing the data-carrying capacity of a single few-mode optical fiber. The flexible mode manipulation would be highly desired in a robust MDM network. Recently, orbital angular …

Selection rule engineering of forbidden transitions of a hydrogen atom near a nanogap

Selection rule engineering of forbidden transitions of a hydrogen atom near a nanogap

We perform an analytical study on the allowance of forbidden transitions for a hydrogen atom placed near line dipole sources, mimicking light emanating from a one-dimensional metallic nanogap. It is shown that the rapid variation of the electric …

Saturated evanescent-wave absorption of few-layer graphene-covered side-polished single-mode fiber for all-optical switching

Saturated evanescent-wave absorption of few-layer graphene-covered side-polished single-mode fiber for all-optical switching

Using the evanescent-wave saturation effect of hydrogen-free low-temperature synthesized few-layer graphene covered on the cladding region of a side-polished single-mode fiber, a blue pump/infrared probe-based all-optical switch is demonstrated with …

Anisotropic excitation of surface plasmon polaritons on a metal film by a scattering-type scanning near-field microscope with a non-rotationally-symmetric probe tip

Anisotropic excitation of surface plasmon polaritons on a metal film by a scattering-type scanning near-field microscope with a non-rotationally-symmetric probe tip

We investigated the excitation of surface plasmon polaritons on gold films with the metallized probe tip of a scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscope (s-SNOM). The emission of the polaritons from the tip, illuminated by near-infrared …

Engineering light emission of two-dimensional materials in both the weak and strong coupling regimes

Engineering light emission of two-dimensional materials in both the weak and strong coupling regimes

Two-dimensional (2D) materials have promising applications in optoelectronics, photonics, and quantum technologies. However, their intrinsically low light absorption limits their performance, and potential devices must be accurately engineered for …

High-efficiency/CRI/color stability warm white organic light-emitting diodes by incorporating ultrathin phosphorescence layers in a blue fluorescence layer

High-efficiency/CRI/color stability warm white organic light-emitting diodes by incorporating ultrathin phosphorescence layers in a blue fluorescence layer

By incorporating ultrathin (<0.1 nm) green, yellow, and red phosphorescence layers with different sequence arrangements in a blue fluorescence layer, four unique and simplified fluorescence/phosphorescence (F/P) hybrid, white organic …

Effect of temperature on the structural, linear, and nonlinear optical properties of MgO-doped graphene oxide nanocomposites

Effect of temperature on the structural, linear, and nonlinear optical properties of MgO-doped graphene oxide nanocomposites

Magnesium oxide (MgO)-graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposites were prepared by the hydrothermal method at different temperatures. The effect of growth temperature on the structural, linear, and nonlinear optical (NLO) parameters was investigated. The …

Reversible thermochromic response based on photonic crystal structure in butterfly wing

Reversible thermochromic response based on photonic crystal structure in butterfly wing

Subtle responsive properties can be achieved by the photonic crystal (PC) nanostructures of butterfly based on thermal expansion effect. The studies focused on making the sample visually distinct. However, the response is restricted by limited …

Magneto-optical response in bimetallic metamaterials

Magneto-optical response in bimetallic metamaterials

We demonstrate resonant Faraday polarization rotation in plasmonic arrays of bimetallic nano-ring resonators consisting of Au and Ni sections. This metamaterial design allows the optimization of the trade-off between the enhancement of …

Heterogeneous terahertz quantum cascade lasers exceeding 1.9 THz spectral bandwidth and featuring dual comb operation

Heterogeneous terahertz quantum cascade lasers exceeding 1.9 THz spectral bandwidth and featuring dual comb operation

We report on a heterogeneous active region design for terahertz quantum cascade laser based frequency combs. Dynamic range, spectral bandwidth and output power have been significantly improved with respect to previous designs. When individually …

Relative merits of phononics vs. plasmonics: the energy balance approach

Relative merits of phononics vs. plasmonics: the energy balance approach

The common feature of various plasmonic schemes is their ability to confine optical fields of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) into subwavelength volumes and thus achieve a large enhancement of linear and nonlinear optical properties. This ability, …

Efficiency enhancement of InGaN amber MQWs using nanopillar structures

Efficiency enhancement of InGaN amber MQWs using nanopillar structures

We have investigated the use of nanopillar structures on high indium content InGaN amber multiple quantum well (MQW) samples to enhance the emission efficiency. A significant emission enhancement was observed which can be attributed to the …

Color display and encryption with a plasmonic polarizing metamirror

Color display and encryption with a plasmonic polarizing metamirror

Structural colors emerge when a particular wavelength range is filtered out from a broadband light source. It is regarded as a valuable platform for color display and digital imaging due to the benefits of environmental friendliness, higher …

Achieving pattern uniformity in plasmonic lithography by spatial frequency selection

Achieving pattern uniformity in plasmonic lithography by spatial frequency selection

The effects of the surface roughness of thin films and defects on photomasks are investigated in two representative plasmonic lithography systems: thin silver film-based superlens and multilayer-based hyperbolic metamaterial (HMM). Superlens can …

Experimental demonstration of an optical Feynman gate for reversible logic operation using silicon micro-ring resonators

Experimental demonstration of an optical Feynman gate for reversible logic operation using silicon micro-ring resonators

Currently, the reversible logic circuit is a popular research topic in the field of information processing as it is a most effective approach to minimize power consumption, which can achieve the one-to-one mapping function to identify the input …

Specialized directional beaming through a metalens and a typical application

Specialized directional beaming through a metalens and a typical application

The anomalous beaming effect of the periodic metallic corrugations functioning as a special case of k=2π/Λ i is discussed and verified by means of both theoretical calculation and experimental probing. A metalens is designed on the basis of the …

Anomalous extinction in index-matched terahertz nanogaps

Anomalous extinction in index-matched terahertz nanogaps

Slot-type nanogaps have been widely utilized in transmission geometry because of their advantages of exclusive light funneling and exact quantification of near-field enhancement at the gap. For further application of the nanogaps in electromagnetic …

Emerging technologies for high performance infrared detectors

Emerging technologies for high performance infrared detectors

Infrared photodetectors (IRPDs) have become important devices in various applications such as night vision, military missile tracking, medical imaging, industry defect imaging, environmental sensing, and exoplanet exploration. Mature semiconductor …

Multiple exciton generation in quantum dot-based solar cells

Multiple exciton generation in quantum dot-based solar cells

Multiple exciton generation (MEG) in quantum-confined semiconductors is the process by which multiple bound charge-carrier pairs are generated after absorption of a single high-energy photon. Such charge-carrier multiplication effects have been …

Advances in optoplasmonic sensors – combining optical nano/microcavities and photonic crystals with plasmonic nanostructures and nanoparticles

Advances in optoplasmonic sensors – combining optical nano/microcavities and photonic crystals with plasmonic nanostructures and nanoparticles

Nanophotonic device building blocks, such as optical nano/microcavities and plasmonic nanostructures, lie at the forefront of sensing and spectrometry of trace biological and chemical substances. A new class of nanophotonic architecture has emerged …

Theory and applications of toroidal moments in electrodynamics: their emergence, characteristics, and technological relevance

Theory and applications of toroidal moments in electrodynamics: their emergence, characteristics, and technological relevance

Dipole selection rules underpin much of our understanding in characterization of matter and its interaction with external radiation. However, there are several examples where these selection rules simply break down, for which a more sophisticated …

All-integrated terahertz modulators

All-integrated terahertz modulators

Terahertz (0.1–10 THz corresponding to vacuum wavelengths between 30 μm and 3 mm) research has experienced impressive progress in the last few decades. The importance of this frequency range stems from unique applications in several fields, …

Exciton-plasmon coupling interactions: from principle to applications

Exciton-plasmon coupling interactions: from principle to applications

The interaction of exciton-plasmon coupling and the conversion of exciton-plasmon-photon have been widely investigated experimentally and theoretically. In this review, we introduce the exciton-plasmon interaction from basic principle to …

From isolated light-harvesting complexes to the thylakoid membrane: a single-molecule perspective

From isolated light-harvesting complexes to the thylakoid membrane: a single-molecule perspective

The conversion of solar radiation to chemical energy in plants and green algae takes place in the thylakoid membrane. This amphiphilic environment hosts a complex arrangement of light-harvesting pigment-protein complexes that absorb light and …