Issue 10 (2019)

Optically accessible memristive devices

Optically accessible memristive devices

One of the most promising contenders for ultralow-energy electronic devices are memristive memories, which allow for sustainably scalable “neuromorphic” computing, potentially capable of reducing power dissipation in IT by >50%. Understanding …

Role of nanophotonics in the birth of seismic megastructures

Role of nanophotonics in the birth of seismic megastructures

The discovery of photonic crystals 30 years ago in conjunction with research advances in plasmonics and metamaterials, has inspired the concept of decameter scale metasurfaces, coined seismic metamaterials for an enhanced control of surface (Love …

Perovskite nanocrystals for energy conversion and storage

Perovskite nanocrystals for energy conversion and storage

The high demand for energy consumption in everyday life, and fears of climate change are driving the scientific community to explore prospective materials for efficient energy conversion and storage. Perovskites, a prominent category of materials, …

Coherent nonlinear optics of quantum emitters in nanophotonic waveguides

Coherent nonlinear optics of quantum emitters in nanophotonic waveguides

Coherent quantum optics, where the phase of a photon is not scrambled as it interacts with an emitter, lies at the heart of many quantum optical effects and emerging technologies. Solid-state emitters coupled to nanophotonic waveguides are a …

Optical force microscopy: combining light with atomic force microscopy for nanomaterial identification

Optical force microscopy: combining light with atomic force microscopy for nanomaterial identification

Scanning probe techniques have evolved significantly in recent years to detect surface morphology of materials down to subnanometer resolution, but without revealing spectroscopic information. In this review, we discuss recent advances in scanning …

Enhanced nanodrug delivery in tumors after near-infrared photoimmunotherapy

Enhanced nanodrug delivery in tumors after near-infrared photoimmunotherapy

To date, the delivery of nanosized therapeutic agents to cancers largely relies on the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effects that are caused by the leaky nature of cancer vasculature. Whereas leaky vessels are often found in mouse …

Metal-induced energy transfer

Metal-induced energy transfer

Since about a decade, metal-induced energy transfer (MIET) has become a tool to measure the distance of fluorophores to a metal-coated surface with nanometer accuracy. The energy transfer from a fluorescent molecule to surface plasmons within a …

Progresses in the practical metasurface for holography and lens

Progresses in the practical metasurface for holography and lens

Metasurfaces have received enormous attention thanks to their unique ability to modulate electromagnetic properties of light in various frequency regimes. Recently, exploiting its fabrication ease and modulation strength, unprecedented and unique …

In-situ electrospun aligned and maize-like AgNPs/PVA@Ag nanofibers for surface-enhanced Raman scattering on arbitrary surface

In-situ electrospun aligned and maize-like AgNPs/PVA@Ag nanofibers for surface-enhanced Raman scattering on arbitrary surface

An efficient electrospun aligned surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and maize-like substrate of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) composite and Ag colloid nanofibers decorated with thermal evaporated Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) has been developed by taking …

Plasmonic near-field scanning nanoscope with a cross-polarization detection technique

Plasmonic near-field scanning nanoscope with a cross-polarization detection technique

A cross-polarization detection technique was introduced to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of a plasmonic near-field scanning nanoscope (PNSN) using the anisotropic reflection from a metallic ridge nano-aperture. Assuming that the …

Tunable atom-trapping based on a plasmonic chiral metamaterial

Tunable atom-trapping based on a plasmonic chiral metamaterial

Chiral metamaterials provide a very convenient way to actively regulate the light field via external means, which is very important in nanophotonics. However, the very weak chiral response of a generally planar metamaterial severely limits its …

Rigorous coupled-wave analysis of absorption enhancement in vertically illuminated silicon photodiodes with photon-trapping hole arrays

Rigorous coupled-wave analysis of absorption enhancement in vertically illuminated silicon photodiodes with photon-trapping hole arrays

In this paper, we present a rigorous coupled-wave analysis (RCWA) of absorption enhancement in all-silicon (Si) photodiodes with integrated hole arrays of different shapes and dimensions. The RCWA method is used to analyze the light propagation and …

Expanded Jones complex space model to describe arbitrary higher-order spatial states in fiber

Expanded Jones complex space model to describe arbitrary higher-order spatial states in fiber

As a new multiplexing dimension, spatial modes are catching increasing attentions nowadays. It is a fundamental task to establish an appropriate theoretical model to describe these spatial modes, especially higher-order spatial modes. However, …

Color generation from self-organized metalo-dielectric nanopillar arrays

Color generation from self-organized metalo-dielectric nanopillar arrays

Nanostructures composed of dielectric, metallic or metalo-dielectric structures are receiving significant attention due to their unique capabilities to manipulate light for a wide range of functions such as spectral colors, anti-reflection and …

Tandem white organic light-emitting diodes stacked with two symmetrical emitting units simultaneously achieving superior efficiency/CRI/color stability

Tandem white organic light-emitting diodes stacked with two symmetrical emitting units simultaneously achieving superior efficiency/CRI/color stability

In this work, a series of three and four-color tandem white organic light-emitting diodes (WOLEDs) are developed by using the optimized charge generating unit (CGU) to connect two electroluminescence (EL) units with symmetrical emitting layers, in …

Ag nanoparticle-enhanced alkyl radical generation in photopolymerization for holographic recording

Ag nanoparticle-enhanced alkyl radical generation in photopolymerization for holographic recording

We report a new Ag nanoparticle-dispersed polymer nanocomposite for volume holographic recording through acrylic photopolymerization. The initial grating buildup dynamics at the inhibition stage are measured at various Ag nanoparticle …

Gate-tunable metafilm absorber based on indium silicon oxide

Gate-tunable metafilm absorber based on indium silicon oxide

In this work, reconfigurable metafilm absorbers based on indium silicon oxide (ISO) were investigated. The metafilm absorbers consist of nanoscale metallic resonator arrays on metal-insulator-metal (MIM) multilayer structures. The ISO was used as an …

High-performance and compact broadband terahertz plasmonic waveguide intersection

High-performance and compact broadband terahertz plasmonic waveguide intersection

For terahertz (THz) integrated systems, an intersection between waveguides is inevitable and is often accompanied by considerable crosstalk and loss. Here, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel type of crossing with a footprint less than …

Plasmonic quantum effects on single-emitter strong coupling

Plasmonic quantum effects on single-emitter strong coupling

Coupling between electromagnetic cavity fields and fluorescent molecules or quantum emitters can be strongly enhanced by reducing the cavity mode volume. Plasmonic structures allow light confinement down to volumes that are only a few cubic …

Strong coupling with directional absorption features of Ag@Au hollow nanoshell/J-aggregate heterostructures

Strong coupling with directional absorption features of Ag@Au hollow nanoshell/J-aggregate heterostructures

Tunable plasmon-exciton coupling is demonstrated at room temperature in hybrid systems consisting of Ag@Au hollow nanoshells (HNSs) and J-aggregates. The strong coupling depends on the exciton binding energy and the localized surface plasmon …

Broad band infrared modulation using spintronic-plasmonic metasurfaces

Broad band infrared modulation using spintronic-plasmonic metasurfaces

We present magnetic field induced modulation of the optical response of slit plasmonic metasurfaces fabricated out of giant magnetoresistance/spintronic materials in the 2–17 ?m spectral range of the spectrum. The modulation of the slit plasmonic …

Large-area pixelated metasurface beam deflector on a 12-inch glass wafer for random point generation

Large-area pixelated metasurface beam deflector on a 12-inch glass wafer for random point generation

Metasurface-based beam deflector, as an important optical element to bend the light propagation direction, has drawn a lot of interests in research to achieve miniaturization of devices and reduction of system complexity. Based on the 12-inch …