Issue 12 (2019)

A review of 2D and 3D plasmonic nanostructure array patterns: fabrication, light management and sensing applications

A review of 2D and 3D plasmonic nanostructure array patterns: fabrication, light management and sensing applications

This review article discusses progress in surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) chip-based nanostructure array patterns. Recent advancements in fabrication techniques for nano-arrays have endowed …

Semiconductor nanowire plasmonic lasers

Semiconductor nanowire plasmonic lasers

Semiconductor nanowires (NW) hold great promise for micro/nanolasers owing to their naturally formed resonant microcavity, tightly confined electromagnetic field, and outstanding capability of integration with planar waveguide for on-chip …

Fluorescence imaging with tailored light

Fluorescence imaging with tailored light

Fluorescence microscopy has long been a valuable tool for biological and medical imaging. Control of optical parameters such as the amplitude, phase, polarization, and propagation angle of light gives fluorescence imaging great capabilities ranging …

Phonon-polaritonics: enabling powerful capabilities for infrared photonics

Phonon-polaritonics: enabling powerful capabilities for infrared photonics

Here, we review the progress and most recent advances in phonon-polaritonics, an emerging and growing field that has brought about a range of powerful possibilities for mid- to far-infrared (IR) light. These extraordinary capabilities are enabled by …

All-optical vectorial control of multistate magnetization through anisotropy-mediated spin-orbit coupling

All-optical vectorial control of multistate magnetization through anisotropy-mediated spin-orbit coupling

The interplay between light and magnetism is considered as a promising solution to fully steer multidimensional magnetic oscillations/vectors, facilitating the development of all-optical multilevel recording/memory technologies. To date, impressive …

CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dot assisted color conversion of violet laser diode for white lighting communication

CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dot assisted color conversion of violet laser diode for white lighting communication

By color-converting the violet laser diode (VLD) with a cadmium selenide and zinc sulfide (CdSe/ZnS) core-shell-quantum dot (QD) doped polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film, the VLD+CdSe/ZnS core-shell-QD transferred white-light with improved color …

Improved near-UV electroluminescence of ZnO nanorod array LEDs by coupling with a graphene plasmon layer

Improved near-UV electroluminescence of ZnO nanorod array LEDs by coupling with a graphene plasmon layer

The development of short-wavelength light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with high emission efficiency, a fascinating research area, is still necessary because of great scientific interest and practical significance. Here, a graphene plasmon layer treated …

Promoting luminescence of Yb/Er codoped ferroelectric composite by polarization engineering for optoelectronic applications

Promoting luminescence of Yb/Er codoped ferroelectric composite by polarization engineering for optoelectronic applications

Ferroelectric oxide nanocrystals, in combination with the robust coupling of an electric field with crystal structure symmetry, makes such systems agreeable to field-induced crystal structural transformation. The luminescent properties of rare earth …

Two-dimensional Bi2S3-based all-optical photonic devices with strong nonlinearity due to spatial self-phase modulation

Two-dimensional Bi2S3-based all-optical photonic devices with strong nonlinearity due to spatial self-phase modulation

Bismuth sulfide (Bi2S3) is a binary chalcogenide semiconductor compound that has received much attention in optoelectronic devices because of its stratified structure. In this work we showed that the two-dimensional (2D) Bi2S3 shows strong …

Sub-terahertz and terahertz generation in long-wavelength quantum cascade lasers

Sub-terahertz and terahertz generation in long-wavelength quantum cascade lasers

Terahertz quantum cascade laser sources with intra-cavity non-linear frequency mixing are the first room-temperature electrically pumped monolithic semiconductor sources that operate in the 1.2–5.9 THz spectral range. However, high performance in …

Iterative optimization of photonic crystal nanocavity designs by using deep neural networks

Iterative optimization of photonic crystal nanocavity designs by using deep neural networks

Devices based on two-dimensional photonic-crystal nanocavities, which are defined by their air hole patterns, usually require a high quality (Q) factor to achieve high performance. We demonstrate that hole patterns with very high Q factors can be …

All-in-one silicon photonic polarization processor

All-in-one silicon photonic polarization processor

With the great developments in optical communication technology and large-scale optical integration technology, it is imperative to realize the traditional functions of polarization processing on an integration platform. Most of the existing …

Coulomb forces in THz electromechanical meta-atoms

Coulomb forces in THz electromechanical meta-atoms

Thanks to their large sensitivity to electromagnetic fields, microelectromechanical systems are becoming attractive for applications in the THz band (0.1–10 THz). However, up to date all THz electromechanical systems couple electromagnetic fields …

An electro-tunable Fabry–Perot interferometer based on dual mirror-on-mirror nanoplasmonic metamaterials

An electro-tunable Fabry–Perot interferometer based on dual mirror-on-mirror nanoplasmonic metamaterials

Mirror-on-mirror nanoplasmonic metamaterials, formed on the basis of voltage-controlled reversible self-assembly of sub-wavelength-sized metallic nanoparticles (NPs) on thin metallic film electrodes, are promising candidates for novel …

Photonic bands, superchirality, and inverse design of a chiral minimal metasurface

Photonic bands, superchirality, and inverse design of a chiral minimal metasurface

Photonic band structures are a typical fingerprint of periodic optical structures, and are usually observed in spectroscopic quantities such as transmission, reflection, and absorption. Here we show that the chiro-optical response of a metasurface …

Grating-assisted coupling enhancing plasmonic tip nanofocusing illuminated via radial vector beam

Grating-assisted coupling enhancing plasmonic tip nanofocusing illuminated via radial vector beam

Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) is a very useful method to achieve label-free and super-resolution imaging, and the plasmonic tip nanofocusing plays a decisive role for TERS performance. Here, we present a method to enhance the nanofocusing …

Greatly amplified spontaneous emission of colloidal quantum dots mediated by a dielectric-plasmonic hybrid nanoantenna

Greatly amplified spontaneous emission of colloidal quantum dots mediated by a dielectric-plasmonic hybrid nanoantenna

Optical nanoantennas can efficiently harvest electromagnetic energy from nanoscale space and boost the local radiation to the far field. The dielectric-metal nanogap is a novel design that can help to overcome the core issue of optical loss in …

Controllable Kerr and Raman-Kerr frequency combs in functionalized microsphere resonators

Controllable Kerr and Raman-Kerr frequency combs in functionalized microsphere resonators

Optical frequency comb (OFC) based on the whispering-gallery-mode microresonator has various potential applications in fundamental and applied areas. Once the solid microresonator is fabricated, its structure parameters are generally unchanged. …

Comprehensive insights into intracellular fate of WS2 nanosheets for enhanced photothermal therapeutic outcomes via exocytosis inhibition

Comprehensive insights into intracellular fate of WS2 nanosheets for enhanced photothermal therapeutic outcomes via exocytosis inhibition

Two-dimensional (2D) nanosheet (NS)-based photothermal agents (PTAs), such as transition-metal dichalcogenides, have shown immense potential for their use in cancer photothermal therapy (PTT). However, the nano-bio interaction study regarding these …

A new generation of dual-mode optical thermometry based on ZrO2:Eu3+ nanocrystals

A new generation of dual-mode optical thermometry based on ZrO2:Eu3+ nanocrystals

For achieving well-performing optical thermometry, a new type of dual-mode optical thermometer is explored based on the valley-to-peak ratio (VPR) and fluorescence lifetime of Eu3+ emissions in the ZrO2:Eu3+ nanocrystals with sizes down to 10 nm. In …

Corrigendum to: Dielectric cross-shaped-resonator-based metasurface for vortex beam generation at mid-IR and THz wavelengths

Corrigendum to: Dielectric cross-shaped-resonator-based metasurface for vortex beam generation at mid-IR and THz wavelengths