Issue 3 (2019)

Intelligent nanophotonics: merging photonics and artificial intelligence at the nanoscale

Intelligent nanophotonics: merging photonics and artificial intelligence at the nanoscale

Nanophotonics has been an active research field over the past two decades, triggered by the rising interests in exploring new physics and technologies with light at the nanoscale. As the demands of performance and integration level keep increasing, …

Coupling light and sound: giant nonlinearities from oscillating bubbles and droplets

Coupling light and sound: giant nonlinearities from oscillating bubbles and droplets

Nonlinear optical processes are vital for fields including telecommunications, signal processing, data storage, spectroscopy, sensing and imaging. As an independent research area, nonlinear optics began with the invention of the laser, because …

Recent advances in drug release monitoring

Recent advances in drug release monitoring

Monitoring drug release in vitro and in vivo is of paramount importance to accurately locate diseased tissues, avoid inappropriate drug dosage, and improve therapeutic efficiency. In this regard, it is promising to develop strategies for real-time …

Tunable all-dielectric metasurface for phase modulation of the reflected and transmitted light via permittivity tuning of indium tin oxide

Tunable all-dielectric metasurface for phase modulation of the reflected and transmitted light via permittivity tuning of indium tin oxide

We propose an electrically tunable metasurface, which can achieve relatively large phase modulation in both reflection and transmission modes (dual-mode operation). By integration of an ultrathin layer of indium tin oxide (ITO) as an …

Purcell factor and local intensity enhancement in surface-enhanced Raman scattering

Purcell factor and local intensity enhancement in surface-enhanced Raman scattering

We prove that, at any point of any reciprocal structure, the local field intensity enhancement, which is averaged over the incident wave polarizations and the incidence directions, exactly coincides with the radiative part of the Purcell factor, …

A semi-empirical integrated microring cavity approach for 2D material optical index identification at 1.55 ?m

A semi-empirical integrated microring cavity approach for 2D material optical index identification at 1.55 ?m

Atomically thin 2D materials such as transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) provide a wide range of basic building blocks with unique properties, making them ideal for heterogeneous integration with a mature chip platform for advances in optical …

Photonic crystal fiber metalens

Photonic crystal fiber metalens

Conventional optical fiber has excellent performance in guiding light, which has been widely employed for long-distance optical communication. Although the optical fiber is efficient for transmitting light, its functionality is limited by the …

Metasurface integrated with double-helix point spread function and metalens for three-dimensional imaging

Metasurface integrated with double-helix point spread function and metalens for three-dimensional imaging

Metasurfaces are two-dimensional arrangements of antennas that control the propagation of electromagnetic waves with a subwavelength thickness and resolution. Previously, metasurfaces have been mostly used to obtain the function of a single optical …

Self-organization of surfaces on the nanoscale by topography-mediated selection of quasi-cylindrical and plasmonic waves

Self-organization of surfaces on the nanoscale by topography-mediated selection of quasi-cylindrical and plasmonic waves

Using coupled electromagnetic and hydrodynamic calculations, we elucidate theoretically the topographic transition from a random metallic surface to a periodic sub-wavelength grating by ultrashort laser ablation. The origin of this transition lies …

Fully integrated CMOS-compatible polarization analyzer

Fully integrated CMOS-compatible polarization analyzer

Polarization measurement has been widely used in material characterization, medical diagnosis and remote sensing. However, existing commercial polarization analyzers are either bulky schemes or operate in non-real time. Recently, various …

Opto-thermophoretic fiber tweezers

Opto-thermophoretic fiber tweezers

Recent advances in opto-thermophoretic tweezers open new avenues for low-power trapping and manipulation of nanoparticles with potential applications in colloidal assembly, nanomanufacturing, life sciences, and nanomedicine. However, to fully …

Multiple surface plasmon resonances enhanced nonlinear optical microscopy

Multiple surface plasmon resonances enhanced nonlinear optical microscopy

The nonlinear optical microscopies of coherent two-photon excited fluorescence and anti-Stokes Raman scattering are strongly enhanced by multiple surface plasmon resonances (MSPRs). The Au@Ag nanorods presented strong MSPRs peaks at 800 and 400 nm, …

Manifestation of the spontaneous parity-time symmetry breaking phase transition in hot-electron photodetection based on a tri-layered metamaterial

Manifestation of the spontaneous parity-time symmetry breaking phase transition in hot-electron photodetection based on a tri-layered metamaterial

We theoretically and numerically demonstrate that the spontaneous parity-time (PT) symmetry breaking phase transition can be realized respectively by using two independent tuning ways in a tri-layered metamaterial that consists of periodic array of …

Plasmonic field guided patterning of ordered colloidal nanostructures

Plasmonic field guided patterning of ordered colloidal nanostructures

Nano-patterned colloidal plasmonic metasurfaces are capable of manipulation of light at the subwavelength scale. However, achieving controllable lithography-free nano-patterning for colloidal metasurfaces still remains a major challenge, limiting …